MARCELLUS And liegemen to the Dane. Polonius is willing to prey upon his own daughter’s unhappiness and suffering in order to appease the king and queen. Need help with Act 1, Scene 2 in William Shakespeare's Hamlet? from your Reading List will also remove any Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Hamlet greets them as his "excellent good friends" and asks why they have come to his prison. Scene 2 A room of state in the castle. FRANCISCO Give you good night. Act 2, Scene 1: Polonius sends his servant, Reynaldo, to France to bring Laertes money and snoop into his son's life. Hamlet. Both child actors and Claudius as king are unnatural in Hamlet’s view. Hamlet’s ambitions as an actor—and his skill with remembering and delivering long pieces of text—further lend to the play’s examination of appearance versus reality. Rosencrantz seizes the opportunity to announce the arrival of the players, and Hamlet's mood shifts yet again. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. Hamlet welcomes them and entreats one of them to give him a speech about the fall of Troy and the death of the Trojan king and queen, Priam and Hecuba. Ecstatic at the opportunity for diversion, Hamlet asks who the players are and why they are on the road. Claudius has successfully stopped Fortinbras from invading Denmark, but it’s clear from Cornelius and Voltemand’s report that Fortinbras does not stop moving when he meets an obstacle. Enter HORATIO and MARCELLUS HORATIO Friends to this ground. Hamlet Act 2 Scene 2 William Shakespeare. SCENE II. Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Polonius enters to announce the arrival of the players, who follow him into the room. But by the end of this scene, it is only Claudius's madnessâspurred by a need to secure his positionâthat the play contends with. Hamlet’s florid speech in this passage seems to overdramatize his own existentialism and misery—but at the same time, there is a seed of truth in everything Hamlet is saying. Polonius then suggests that he and Claudius hide themselves behind a needlework wall hanging so they can eavesdrop on the couple when Ophelia meets with Hamlet to return his love gifts. ; Polonius reports to the King that he has discovered the cause of Hamlet's 'lunacy' (line 49) and Gertrude offers her own interpretation of her son's 'distemper' (line 55). Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. -Graham S. Polonius knows that nothing bonds people together like a common enemy—and by aligning himself with the king and queen and against Hamlet, he can maneuver his way even further into their good graces. They agree, and they leave. She remains certain that Hamlet's woes are caused by the old king's death and her hasty remarriage. Hamlet breaks through his friends' resistance, and the two finally admit that the King and Queen sent them to observe Hamlet and provide them with details of his behavior. Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Hamlet: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. Polonius criticizes the highly dramatic, artificial prose with random rhymes in which Hamlet has written the note and tells Claudius and Gertrude that he has forbidden Ophelia to accept any advances from the Prince. Again promising to be less loquacious, Polonius makes showy, wavy motions with his arms and then reads a letter he confiscated from his daughter, written in the Prince's hand. They grouse at his choice of words, but he tells them, "Denmark's a prison." Osric says he has a message for Hamlet from the king. Hamlet responds by saying that he welcomes Rosencrantz and Guildenstern as he welcomes the actors and hopes he can be a worthy host. When Polonius exits, Gertrude scoffs at the old man's intimations. Act II Scene 2 Summary. Hamlet is skilled in being able to appear other than as he is, and put on a believable front for other people. This passage serves a dual purpose: in Shakespeare’s time, it would have served as a commentary on the state of modern theater, but it also works in service of Hamlet’s mounting anger over Claudius’s ascension to the throne in place of the rightful king. Rosencrantz answers that they are on the road because a company of child actors has usurped the London stage. Rosencrantz wittily replies, "Then is the world one." King Claudius has summoned Hamlet's two school chums to Elsinore to have them spy on the Prince and report back to Claudius, recounting Hamlet's every move. (including. Whereas Hamlet is motivated by his search for the truth of his father’s death, it seems that everyone else around him is driven by dishonesty and hidden agendas. Act 2. The Queen promises them handsome compensation for their spying and assures them that Hamlet's own good requires the service. The plan's in motion, and Hamlet delivers the big "to be or not to be" speech about suicide. Teachers and parents! Literature Network » William Shakespeare » Hamlet » Act 2. Hamlet. Michael R. 6 said.... Act 2:2 Hamletâs Soliloquy In Act 2 scene 2 of Shakespeareâs classic Hamlet, Shakespeare creates a character that is on the verge of insanity. Polonius seems genuinely bewildered by Hamlet’s words, even as he tries to parse them to determine just how “mad” Hamlet has really become. Hamlet’s wordplay in this scene is meant to prove his intellectual superiority over Polonius, and remind the man that if he’s going to toy with Hamlet, things will not be easy for him. In Act 2, others begin to question Hamlet's sanity; close to the end of Act 4, everyone agrees Ophelia truly is mad; and audiences must certainly wonder about Claudius's sanity. Hamlet's melancholy then erupts in a blank verse complaint that he has lately "lost all my mirth." The player performs the speech and moves himself to tears over Hecuba's horror at seeing her husband dismembered. (Click the summary infographic to download.). Act Two begins with Polonius speaking to one of his servants, Reynaldo, about his son, Laertes, who has by this time returned to Paris. Need help with Act 3, Scene 2 in William Shakespeare's Hamlet? Instead, he decides to act all creepy and gross with Ophelia before watching Claudius all but stand up and shout that he's guilty. Enter KING CLAUDIUS, QUEEN GERTRUDE, ROSENCRANTZ, GUILDENSTERN, and â¦ However, for the past two nights, the guards (Francisco and Bernardo) have seen a restless ghost resembling the old â¦ As the courtiers gather to watch, Hamlet acts mad once more, insulting Ophelia with all kinds of indecent taunts. All rights reserved. Hamlet Act 2 Short Summary - Polonius is advising Reynaldo regarding his upcoming visit to Laertes. Summary: Act I, scene ii. Polonius leaves, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern enter. bookmarked pages associated with this title. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. 1285; Hamlet. The exchange convinces Polonius that Hamlet is lovesick when, in actuality, Hamlet's responses have done little but ridicule Polonius. That's very true, my lord. Claudius, disturbed by Hamlet's 'transformation' (line 5), welcomes Hamlet's friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, and instructs them to spy on him. Hamlet, then, may have to resort to schemes of his own in order to guard himself against the duplicity of others. The King and Queen enter with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and others. The scene opens with Claudius and Gertrude talking to two of Hamlet's friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Polonius suggests ... Read More: Act 2, Scene 2: Claudius and Gertrude hire Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, two of Hamlet's childhood friends, to spend time with Hamlet, h... Read More: Act 3, Scene 1 He tells them that he will provide them with twelve to sixteen original lines that he wants them to add to the play. This free study guide is stuffed with the juicy details and important facts you need to know. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, “Every teacher of literature should use these translations. Enter KING CLAUDIUS, QUEEN GERTRUDE, HAMLET, POLONIUS, LAERTES, VOLTIMAND, CORNELIUS, Lords, and Attendants It seems that Hamlet has been acting strangely for the past couple of months, and no one is â¦ A trumpet sounds—the players are arriving. Ay, sir. A room in the castle. They completely demystify Shakespeare. Scene II. In return, however, the old man asks that Denmark provide some assistance in Fortinbras' campaign against Poland — that Claudius allow Fortinbras to pass through Denmark on his way to Poland. He instructs Reynaldo very precisely in the method of obtaining this information. This Hamlet Scene-by-Scene Breakdown guides you through Shakespeareâs longest play. Having no patience for Polonius, Gertrude admonishes him. Honest, my lord? King Hamlet has died, and his brother Claudius has taken the throne. This attitude is synonymous with madness in Elsinore—however, Hamlet’s existential bent and gloomy demeanor are, Shakespeare suggests, the only natural response to a true reckoning with all the intricacies, absurdities, and obscurities of life. Claudius agrees, just as Hamlet enters reading. Hamlet continues to toy with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern—but also seems to suggest that they are not intelligent or bright enough to interpret his braggadocious claims about his abilities to deceive those around him. Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Hamlet: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. Act 2, Scene 2 of Shakespeare's Hamlet, with notes and line numbers. I have, my lord. William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. He â¦ In these famous lines, Hamlet finishes devising a plan that will allow him to feel as if he’s taking action, even as he allows others to do all the work for him. A summary of Part X (Section5) in William Shakespeare's Hamlet. Though Gertrude and Claudius insist they have brought Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to Elsinore in hopes of cheering Hamlet up, it’s clear that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are pawns in Claudius’s paranoid attempts to figure out whether Hamlet is onto him. Summary. Act II, Scene 2: King Claudius and Queen Gertrude greet Hamletâs old school friends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. For if the sun breed maggots in a dead dog, being a god kissing carrion- Have you a daughter? Polonius returns with Ambassadors Voltemand and Cornelius. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Hamlet continues to toy with Polonius, mocking his age and his inferior intellect. When Laertes name comes up, Reynaldo is to pretenâ¦ We see Polonius in the act of sending Reynaldo after Laertes to inquire into his sons conduct. Hamlet’s responses to Polonius’s questions serve as reminders that Hamlet does not value his own life—and perhaps actively yearns for death. A room in the castle. Polonius. To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man pick'd out of ten thousand. Hamlet hopes that seeing his crime reenacted in front of the assembled audience will make Claudius act guilty and reveal that he murdered King Hamlet. The first evidence of Hamlet showing false signs of madness, or an "antic disposition," appears in this scene. Hamlet acts happy to see Rosencrantz and Guildenstern at first—but as the scene progresses, it becomes clear that he wants to confuse, mislead, and toy with them just as he did to Polonius. Scene II. Need help with Act 2, Scene 1 in William Shakespeare's Hamlet? Summary Act II, scene ii Summary Act II, scene ii. Hamlet plans to watch Claudius' reaction to see if the ghost is telling the truth. Hamlet asks Polonius to see to the players' lodging, and, as soon as the Lord Chamberlain has left, he tells the small group of players remaining on-stage his plans for their performance of The Murder of Gonzago. Need help with Act 2, Scene 2 in William Shakespeare's Hamlet? Polonius. Act II, Scene ii: The action takes place two months after Hamlet has met with the ghost. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. Hamlet is considered by many to be Shakespeare's greatest play because of the emotional depth contained within it. Although in the previous scene (Act 2, Scene 1) there is indication of his strange behavior and appearance from Ophelia's account, his interaction with Polonius, and then Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, gives a firsthand view. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. The players will perform the play with an enhanced scene, which will enact the murder the Ghost has described. Hamlet's cray-cray behavior is no news to Claudius.In hopes of finding out what's going on with Hamlet, Claudius and Gertrude have invited two of Hamlet's school friends to Denmark.Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, whom Claudius can't tell apart, promise to report back to the King and Queen with any information they can gather. Find out what happens in our Act II, Scene i summary for Hamlet by William Shakespeare. Finally, Polonius asserts that Hamlet is mad. Hamlet knows that he’s stalling, and hates himself for it. Hamlet. Removing #book# Hamlet then indicts the very nature of mankind. Polonius asks the King and Queen to leave them so that he may speak to Hamlet himself. This facade of insanity originates from a mission to expose King Claudius and how he became King. Polonius arrives with the ambassador Voltemand in tow, both bearing good news. Summary Act III. Hamlet coaches the actors in anticipation of the performance they are about to give for Claudius, Gertrude, and the rest of the court.As the players leave the prince to ready themselves, Polonius, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern enter, announcing that the king and queen will join them shortly.Hamlet sends the three of them off to hurry the players just as Horatio arrives. As soon as the ambassadors leave, Polonius launches into an elaborate discussion on the meaning of life and duty, promising to be brief and then launching into further wordiness. Summary and Analysis Act I: Scene 2 Summary In a trumpet flourish, Claudius , the new King of Denmark, and his wife Gertrude enter their stateroom in the company of various courtiers, including Prince Hamlet , Claudius' aide Polonius , Polonius' son Laertes , and the ambasadors to Norway Voltemand and Cornelius. He is too lost within his own mind in order to take decisive action against Claudius—it’s not in his nature to act promptly and brashly, even though he told the ghost he was committed to swiftly securing vengeance. He laments that a foul and sickening fog now besmirches the heavens, which he once saw as a canopy "fretted with golden fire." Scene Summary Itâs the night of the performance of the play, and Hamlet tasks Horatio with gauging Claudiusâs reaction to the murder scene. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern agree. Album Hamlet. He has actually lost his mirth in the midst of his grief over his father’s death, and thus he is having trouble seeing the beauty around him or the point of living on in the first place. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in. He is only interested in his own social advancement—and will do whatever it takes to secure the favor of the monarchs. As Hamlet has the First Player recite a monologue which tells of circumstances that echo what’s happening in Elsinore—one king usurping another’s throne, and taking the first man’s wife—Shakespeare shows Hamlet getting the idea to use the actors in his plot against Claudius. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Hamlet and what it means. Hamlet is onto them, and refuses to be made a fool of by any of the courtiers at Elsinore. Act III, Scene 2: Hamlet enters with the players, giving them advice on how best to deliver the extra lines he has added to their performance. Polonius enters to announce the arrival of the players. scene 2 Additional character(s): Rosencrantz and Guildenstern--courtiers and childhood acquaintances of Prince Hamlet; 1st Player--an actor in a troop of actors who Hamlet recognizes Claudius and Gertrude, the king and queen, have commissioned courtiers Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamletâs childhood acquaintances, to keep Hamlet company. Then I would you were so honest a man. A young courtier named Osric enters and greets Hamlet.Hamlet quietly tells Horatio that Osric is a âwater-flyâ and a fool in spite of the great parcels of land he ownsâand his resulting political power. Hamlet begins putting his plan into motion. Enter KING CLAUDIUS, QUEEN GERTRUDE, ROSENCRANTZ, GUILDENSTERN, and Attendants ... Summary Act II. He wants him to spy on Laertes behaviour in a foreign land. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Summary Act IV. The play begins on a cold night with the changing of the guard. The morning after Horatio and the guardsmen see the ghost, King Claudius gives a speech to his courtiers, explaining his recent marriage to Gertrude, his brotherâs widow and the mother of Prince Hamlet. This is another tactic by which he can stall making a decision about what to do with Claudius—even as he tells himself that he’s still following the ghost’s orders. That is the order, Polonius claims, that has led poor Hamlet into madness. Hamlet knows that because he is royalty, he can, for the most part, say and do what he wants with impunity—plus, he has the added advantage of being naturally good with wordplay, able to quickly outwit those around him. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. When the players enter, Hamlet requests that the lead player perform a speech from Virgil's Aeneid in which Aeneas tells Queen Dido the story of Phyrrus, whose father Achilles was killed at Rome. Students love them!”. In the encounter that follows between Hamlet and Polonius, Hamlet warns Polonius to watch his daughter carefully and then toys with Polonius' limited wit. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Instant downloads of all 1379 LitChart PDFs Hamlet also gets in a dig at Ophelia, again using the play on the words “sun” and “son” he used in the last act to suggest that if Polonius doesn’t keep a close eye on Ophelia, she might get too close to the “sun” (or the “son” of the king) and wind up pregnant. Hamlet then reveals his real intentions for The Murder of Gonzago. First, Reynaldo is to find out from strangers in Paris about the prominent Danes in the city without revealing that he has any particular attachment to Laertes. Polonius knows how to keep Claudius wrapped around his finger, and this passage shows that Polonius is good at securing the king’s attention in pursuit of his own designs. Summary Act â¦ The impending arrival of a troupe of actors foreshadows a deepening of the play’s theme of appearance versus reality—with hired players on the scene, the lines between what’s real and false stand to blur even further. Scene Summary Claudius and Gertrude are worried about Hamlet, whoâs been acting crazy in court, so they dispatch Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to spy on him. Summary: Act V, scene ii The next day at Elsinore Castle, Hamlet tells Horatio how he plotted to overcome Claudiusâs scheme to have him murdered in England. William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. Hamlet quizzes about important details and events in every section of the book. SCENE II. HAMLET - Act I 5. Act I . The fact that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern eagerly agree to this bribery suggests that they are not Hamlet’s true friends, after all. and any corresponding bookmarks? Polonius. He is a man of action through and through, determined to conquer lands for his kingdom and make use of himself. He has the good favor of the actors, and knows that they’ll unwittingly help him in putting on a play that will, perhaps, expose Claudius’s true motives and help Hamlet determine whether the man is truly guilty of the crimes of which the ghost has accused him. They bring news from Norway that the old and ailing king, brother to the slain King Fortinbras, has managed to restrain his nephew, young Fortinbras, from invading Denmark. Hamlet Act 2 Scene 2 Lyrics. Hamlet knows what Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are really here for—and is just as disgusted by their fealty and loyalty to the king and queen as he is by Polonius’s. It’s clear that, unbeknownst to Claudius, the company he keeps is just as underhanded and dishonest as he has proven to be in his schemes to find out what’s wrong with Hamlet. The two leave to seek Prince Hamlet, and the King and Queen turn their attention to Polonius, who claims to have the answer to Prince Hamlet's affliction He promises to elaborate further after Claudius receives his newly arrived ambassadors from Norway. Struggling with distance learning? Such an admission will prove to Hamlet, once and for all, that the Ghost is real and not simply a devil or the figment of his imagination.