Long-term research by GCF and partners has clearly identified four distinct species of giraffe in Africa – Masai, southern, northern and Reticulated giraffe, with several subspecies. Giraffa: pictures (43) Giraffa: specimens (6) Species Giraffa camelopardalis giraffe. The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest living terrestrial animal and the largest ruminant. Trinomial name. Its chief distinguishing characteristics are its extremely long neck and legs, its horn-like ossicones, and its distinctive coat patterns. Currently, giraffes are all know as species Giraffa camelopardalis, and up to 11 sub-species are recognized, including the Nubian giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis camelopardalis). However, a research collaboration has now identified four distinct species. New research is pointing to four distinct giraffe species and There is presently one accepted giraffe species and four subspecies. The four giraffe species are: the southern giraffe (Giraffa giraffa), the Masai giraffe (G. tippelskirchi), the reticulated giraffe (G. reticulata) and the northern giraffe (G. camelopardalis). 2016) G. giraffa - southern giraffe G. c. giraffa - South African giraffe G. c. angolensis - Angolan giraffe Giraffidae: information (1) Giraffidae: pictures (51) Giraffidae: specimens (6) Genus Giraffa giraffes. Naturalists have recognized nine separate subspecies: the Nubian giraffe, the reticulated giraffe, the Angolan giraffe, the Kordofan giraffe, the Masai giraffe, the South African giraffe, the West African giraffe, the Rhodesian giraffe, and Rothschild's giraffe. Devario sp. The Giraffidae are a family of ruminant artiodactyl mammals that share a common ancestor with cervids and bovids. South African Giraffe (G. c. giraffa) Also known as the Cape giraffe, it ranges across South African, … This family, once a diverse group spread throughout Eurasia and Africa, presently comprises only two extant genera, the giraffe (one or more species of Giraffa, depending on taxonomic interpretation) and the okapi (the only known species of Okapia). Artiodactyla: sounds (1) Family Giraffidae giraffes and okapis. Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis): The giraffe is an African mammal and is the tallest living land animal. Giraffe, (genus Giraffa), any of four species in the genus Giraffa of long-necked cud-chewing hoofed mammals of Africa, with long legs and a coat pattern of irregular brown patches on a light background. Order: Cypriniformes Family: Cyprinidae The species name camelopardalis is from Latin. Both male and female giraffes have ‘horns’ at birth. 111,000 giraffe remaining in the wild. the genus and species of Felis domestica, the common house cat? The genus currently consists of one species, Giraffa camelopardalis, the type species. By Katherine Lindemann Researchers have long recognized only a single species of giraffe, thought to be made up of several subspecies. The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus of African even-toed ungulate mammals, the tallest living terrestrial animals and the largest ruminants. although until recently there were thought to be nine. Giraffes are a more diverse group than once thought, with scientists recently identifying four distinct species. Giraffa (Genus) Giraffes are the largest extant ruminant, and also the tallest living terrestrial mammals in the world. A new study** indicates there are four species and five subspecies of giraffe (Fennessy et al. The giraffe is almost an endangered species, not because of a lack of food, but for the amount of people hunting them. IUCN divides the nine subspecies this way: Angolan giraffe (G. c. angolensis) Kordofan giraffe (G. c. antiquorum) Masai giraffe ( G. c. tippleskirchi) Nubian giraffe (G. c. camelopardalis) Reticulated giraffe (G. c. reticulata) Rothschild’s giraffe (G. c. rothschildi) South African giraffe ( G. c . On Thursday (Sept. 8), researchers from the Giraffe Conservation Foundation in Namibia and the Goethe University in Germany published work that showed the Giraffa genus … Whilst three other giraffe species were once considered subspecies of the conglomerate Giraffa camelopardalis species, recent studies have identified the northern giraffe as one of the four separate species of a reorganised Giraffa genus. It is a famous, gentle giant of the African savannah, but the giraffe's genetics have only just revealed that there is not one species, but four. More properly known as ‘ossicones’, they lie flat and … The giraffe genus (Giraffa) is part of the Giraffidae family, which contains only one other species: the rare okapi, the closest relative of the giraffe. The Angolan giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis angolensis ), also known as the Namibian giraffe, is a subspecies of giraffe that is found in northern Namibia, south … CAMEL - Camelus dromedaries, Giraffe - Giraffa camelopardalis, Tiger - Panthera Tigris, Lion - Panthera leo, Wolf - Canis lupus, Horse - Equus caballus, GENUS AND SPECIES Share Share 'giraffe' Etymology. The giraffe is related to deer and cattle, however, it is placed in a separate family, the Giraffidae, consisting only of the giraffe and its closest relative, the okapi. The giraffes range extends […] Which two species are the most closely related? If Thornicroft's giraffe are considered no different than Masai giraffe (O'Connor et al., 2019), and the population is completely wiped out, then the world population of Masai giraffes decreases by 1.7%, but neither a species nor a subspecies has gone extinct. Giraffe Facts and Information | SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment He gave it the binomial name Cervus camelopardalis. In addition, giraffes feed on shrubs, grass and fruit, consuming around 75 lb (34 kg) of plant matter per day. The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus of African even-toed ungulate mammals, the tallest living terrestrial animals and the largest ruminants. Seven other species are extinct, prehistoric species known from fossils. Living giraffes were originally classified as one species by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. 1)I and II 2)II and IV 3)I and V 4)V and VI 9.This diagram shows a cladogram of six species based on biochemical similarities. The IUCN generally consider giraffes to be a single species (Giraffa camelopardalis) with numerous subspecies (some speculate that there are eight subspecies). Its species name refers to its camel-like shape and its leopard-like coloring. Classification. Until recently scientists believed that there was one (1) species and nine (9) subspecies of giraffe. The only two evolutionary species remain alive today form this branch. These two are the Giraffe and the Okapis. Giraffes are the tallest living animals that are native to Africa and are members of the Giraffa genus. The Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis meaning ‘fast walking camel leopard) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. Devario: appears to be derived from a local vernacular name for the type species of the genus Cyprinus (now Devario) devario Hamilton, 1822.. Giraffes have enlongated legs and an enlongated neck. The northern giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is a species of giraffe, and is considered the type species of the genus. ( Lydekker, 1903) Range map in yellow. Thornicroft's Giraffe (G. c. thornicrofti) The Thornicroft’s giraffe is also known as the Rhodesian … The coat is spotted and the pattern varies from sub-species to sub-species. Seven of these species are extinct, prehistoric species known from fossils, while four are still extant. Giraffes browse mainly on twigs, preferring the subfamily Acacieae and the genera Commiphora and Terminalia, which are high in calcium and protein to support their growth. Giraffes live south of the Sahara Desert, in small groups in parts of Africa where food is adequate. The remaining Giraffe populations are restricted to parts of sub-Saharan Africa with the largest concentrations being found in National Parks. "As an example," he adds, "northern giraffe number less than 4,750 individuals in the wild, and reticulated giraffe number less than 8,700 individuals -- as distinct species… Giraffa camelopardalis angolensis. All four giraffe species and their subspecies live in geographically distinct areas throughout Africa and there are only a total of approx. The genus consists of eleven species including Giraffa camelopardalis, the type species. Morten Thrane Brünnich classified the genus Giraffa in 1772. G. c. angolensis. Genetic differences among the four species are comparable to those between polar bears and brown bears, according to Janke.
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