Significantly, this has led to new genres of music coming out of London, Birmingham and Bristol. The first notable event to occur was the 1958 Notting Hill race riots when an argument between local white youths and a Jamaican man, alongside increasing tensions between both communities lead to several nights of disturbances, rioting and attacks. The British Empire and Dominions raised a total of 8,586,000 men for military service More than 5,000,000 came from the British Isles 1,440,500 hailed from India, while 136,000 came …  31% of respondents claimed to favour the original terrestrial commercial channels such as ITV1, Channel 4 and Five, whilst 23% of people stated a preference to satellite and cable channels such as MTV Base, the Hallmark Channel and Living. INDIA Beginning in 1842 Indians were brought to Jamaica as indentured laborers, to replace the labor force lost after emancipation.  The Weekly Gleaner which as its name suggests is a weekly publication distributed in the UK and contains specific news from the Jamaica Daily Gleaner.  There are a number of TV channels in the UK aimed at the Black British community, however none specifically at the British Jamaican community. 1656: British colonists settle at Port Morant; most die from disease. In 1663 an expedition sailed from Jamaica to attack the Spanish town of Campeche, in Central America. In March 2007 Grace Foods bought ENCO Products, owners of the Dunn's River Brand, as well as "Nurishment", a flavoured, sweetened enriched milk drink, and the iconic Encona Sauce Range. Some Jamaican social groups have claimed asylum under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, this only continued until 2003 when Jamaica was placed on the Non-Suspensive Appeal list when restrictions on UK visas came into place, making it more difficult for Jamaicans to travel to the UK. Early inhabitants of Jamaica named the land 'Xaymaca', meaning 'land of wood and water'. Jamaica was claimed for Spain by explorer Christopher Columbus in 1494. Unable to find gold and other precious metals on Jamaica, the Spanish saw little use for the island and hardly resisted the invasion of British soldiers in 1655.  The majority of British people of Jamaican origin were born in the United Kingdom as opposed to Jamaica itself.  Most first generation immigrants moved to Britain in order to seek and improved standard of living, escape violence or to find employment. This genre of music became more widely known as "drum 'n bass" by the close of the decade, with the former incarnation now being referred to as "oldschool jungle.". In 1661 a Commission arrived from England formally appointing Doyley as Governor of Jamaica, and commanding him to establish a Council to assist him in the government of the colony. Slaves were brought from West Africa to Jamaica from the latter half of the 17th century and it was not until the Emancipation Act in 1833 that slavery was abolished. By roughly 800 CE, a second wave of inhabitance occurred by the Arawak tribes, including the Tainos, prior to the arrival of Columbus in 1494. 1510 The first Spanish settlers arrive in Jamaica. The influence of Jamaicans in the UK has had a profound effect on British music over the last 50 years. With a faster tempo than Jamaican Ska, Two Tone "Ska" was commercially successful in the UK from 1979 until the early eighties. The island became an imperial colony in 1509 when Spain conquered the Indigenous Arawak people. Jamaica remained part of the British Empire until independence in 1962. , Errol Christie is also a former boxer, he is the Guinness World Record holder for achieving the most amateur title wins. On June 12, 1884, a third group of about six hundred and eighty (680) arrived straight from China, all having three year contracts. We forget, until we come across places like Savanna la Mar, Ocho Rios and Spanish Town.  Some British Jamaicans who have starred in Hollywood blockbusters include Naomie Harris in Miami Vice and Pirates of the Caribbean and Adrian Lester in The Day After Tomorrow. Many more followed as the steady flow of Jamaicans to the United Kingdom was maintained due to the continuing labour shortage. They escaped to the mountains and forests in the interior, where they lived a wild, free life and, it was rumoured, murdered every white person they came across.  The Voice closely follows in terms of readership; this weekly tabloid newspaper, based in the UK but owned by the Jamaican GV Media Group and established by Val McCalla (who was born in Jamaica), covers a variety of stories that are aimed solely at the British African-Caribbean community. In Jamaica, this date is celebrated as Independence Day, a national holiday. After the first wave of house music in the early 90s, the rhythmic influence of reggae produced the dance music genre "jungle", in which sped-up beats became popular in clubs combined with reggae sounding "dub" baselines and MC chants.  Out of all legally licensed radio stations in the UK, the single most popular one prevailed as Premier Christian Radio; the BBC also has a relatively large Jamaican listening audience, whilst local radio stations such as Choice FM in London and New Style Radio 98.7FM in Birmingham are also popular within the community (both of which are Black orientated).. In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. In 1655 the British navy sailed into Kingston, Jamaica, led by a Crypto-Jewish pilot, Campoe Sabbatha. 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